Keeping A-Z Cool

How Your Cooler Box Works




Affiliate Disclaimer

As an affiliate, we may earn a commission from qualifying purchases. We get commissions for purchases made through links on this website from Amazon and other third parties.

how cooler box works

You’ve come to the right place if you’ve ever wondered what happens inside your cooler box. This article covers Convection, Conduction, Insulation, and Peltier effect. These are all fundamentals of refrigeration and will make it easy for you to understand the functions of your cooler box. Now, you can make the most of your investment and keep your products cool.


Convection cooler box works by trapping a certain amount of air inside the box. This is important as heat travels through air. This process is slowed down with insulation. This reduces the rate of convection, and helps the cooler retain its colder state for longer. Insulation also prevents conduction, which is when one object loses its temperature and affects other objects nearby.

Conduction and convection are two of the main ways heat is transferred from one object to the next. Conduction happens when warm air flows over a cool object, while convection occurs when hot air moves directly from one object to another. Hence, cooler boxes are designed to minimize both types of warming. Insulation materials are poor heat conductors. For example, plastic and Styrofoam do not conduct heat well.

Convection is slowed down by the insulation in the cooler box. Insulation prevents warm air from coming into contact with the cooler box’s ice. The cooler’s ice will melt faster if it is not covered.


Conduction is the process where heat is transferred from objects into the cooler box’s interior. Close the box tightly to reduce the cooling rate of the cooler box. The temperature of the cooler box’s inner walls is also reduced, enhancing the conduction of heat from the cooler box to the objects inside. These changes were observed in the experiments performed by Wang and Mirmanto.

In a laboratory, a temperature-dependent thermoelectric system can be used to measure the heat transfer from the cooling system. This method can be used for determining the cooling efficiency. In these studies, a Peltier TEC1-12706 thermoelectric device was used to measure the water temperature and wall temperature in the cooler box. The data were recorded for 18,000 s, during which a bottle of water was placed inside the cooler box to provide an additional cooling load.

The study also examined the effects of thermoelectric positions on the cooling systems’ efficiency. Researchers compared the cooling system’s performance with that of a TE mounted on the side wall. The experimental data revealed that the cooling capacity decreases with the time, while the conduction heat transfer rate increases. This effect is similar for the two units, but the cooling capacity decreases sharply when the TE position of the OW is studied. In contrast, the experimental COP decreases fairly with time when the TE of the OT and OB positions are compared with that of the OW position.

The heat transfer rate through conduction is different from that of air. In natural convection, hot air is on top, while cold air rests below it. The stability of the conduction mechanism will determine the speed at which air circulates. If the convection is unstable, it will prevent the air from circulating in the cooler box, which will result in the temperature increasing.

The best coolers are designed to minimize the conduction of heat by using insulators that do not conduct heat well. Because it is a poor heat conductor, Styrofoam is common in coolers.


The cooler box should be insulated in two places: the lid and the bottom. The lid should be made from 1/4″ marine grade plywood, and should be placed on top of the bottom piece. Cut the insulation so that it fits snugly against the outer box. To attach the insulation to the outer and inner parts of the box, use either a saber (or a hand saw) to cut it to the right size. After cutting, use 50-grit sandpaper on a sanding block to smooth the edges.

There are many insulation options that can be used inside the cooler boxes. Some of these materials are not food-safe, so it’s important to make sure they’re safe. Styrofoam is a popular choice for this purpose. You can find old packaging in your garage, or you can buy cheap styrofoam boards from hardware stores. Polyiso and XPS are also good options.

The best coolers will have a layer of foam between the two walls. This foam will help keep the temperature even as the contents in the cooler box rise and fall. Because it is made up of millions of air pockets, it is an excellent insulator. The foam is less likely to radiate heat to the environment than it is to heat, so the R-value should be higher.

Another option is the IPC CooLiner insulated box liner. This insulator can fit any size container and is easy to use. It has metalized films and air bubbles that help maintain temperature. This insulation material is also space-efficient. The liner can be used in a Styrofoam cooler.

Insulation in the cooler box can make a huge difference in the performance of the cooler. The cooler’s ice retention can be affected if the foam is not right. If the ice retention is poor, heat can easily move through the cooler. Also, incorrect foam can lead to condensation, which can reduce the performance of the cooler.

Using an insulating cooler cover can also help in protecting the contents of the cooler from the heat of the sun. The cooler box can also be covered with a roll of reflectix or duct tape.

Peltier effect

A cooler box equipped with a Peltier cooling device can be an efficient way to control temperature. It can maintain a temperature of 0.001 degrees Celsius even under extreme temperature variations. It prevents laser wavelength drift, which is useful for precision laser applications. In addition, it can reduce the temperature differences that result from direct sunlight. The cooling effect is achieved by allowing water to dissipate heat from the hot side of the box over the cold side of the box. It can also be used to generate thermal energy on unmanned spacecraft. These devices are very durable and can last for many decades.

A Peltier cooler can also be used to generate a thermoelectric effect by applying a voltage across the surface. The difference in temperature and voltage is then transferred from one side to the other. This device requires different packaging and design requirements, which are discussed below. A cooler box made of molded fiberglass can effectively use this cooling system.

A cooler box that utilizes a Peltier element can be a convenient way to keep food cold while on-the-go. This is a great way to control temperatures. However, it is important to remember that the material you use must be heat-resistant and be able to withstand both heat and cold.

The cooling system’s performance is also affected by the location of the cooler box. It is important to consider the location of the inner heatsink, also known as the TE. This affects the air circulation within the cooler box. For example, Dai et al. Mirmanto used an inner heatsink on the wall. The two of them installed it on the wall and showed how to properly install it.

A thermoelectric cooler box that utilizes a thermoelectric module has a higher energy rating than a regular cooler box, such as an electric refrigerator. This rating is based upon how comparable appliances perform in cooling conditions. This method is more costly, but it can save you money on your energy costs.

About the author

Latest posts

  • How to Clean an Ice Machine

    How to Clean an Ice Machine

    To clean an ice machine, you will need a cleaning solution that can get rid of minerals, mold, and bacteria. The manufacturer of your machine will provide the correct cleaner. If they don’t, a vinegar-based solution is an eco-friendly solution that is effective. Vinegar works by dissolving minerals, mold, and bacteria. These materials can affect…

    Read more

  • Cleaning an Ice Machine With Vinegar

    Cleaning an Ice Machine With Vinegar

    Bleach is a safe alternative to vinegar Vinegar can be used to clean portable ice makers. Vinegar can also kill up to 82% bacteria and mold from your appliance. Vinegar can be used on ice machines for its environmental benefits. Its acidity helps remove mineral deposits and bacteria that can change the taste of ice.…

    Read more

  • How to Determine the Cost of an Ice Machine

    How to Determine the Cost of an Ice Machine

    If you are looking to purchase a new ice machine, there are a few factors that you should consider. One factor is the size of the machine. Some models are large enough to hold 100 pounds of ice. Another consideration is the water treatment that you use to make ice. Some models can be water-cooled,…

    Read more